- Fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and fat-free or low-fat milk and milk products should make up most of your diet.
- Lean meats, poultry, fish, beans, eggs, and nuts should also be included.
- The amount of saturated fats, trans fats, cholesterol, salt (sodium), and added sugars in your diet should be low.
- Mediterranean Diet: http://www.heart.org/HEARTORG/GettingHealthy/NutritionCenter/Mediterranean-Diet_UCM_306004_Article.jsp
- Try to do some form of exercise 5-6 times a week, 25-30 minutes each time
- Add more regular physical activity into your daily life—such as taking the stairs, and walking more
- Keep a balance between aerobic activity (activity that speeds up your heart and breathing while moving your body) and strengthening activity (activity that works to strengthen a specific major muscle group.)
For more information, visit: www.win.niddk.nih.gov/publications/tips.htm
- Generally are not required if you consume a healthy, well balance diet
- Generally you should try to consume 1,000-1,200 mg of calcium and 600-800 IU of vitamin D daily; depending on your age
For more information, visit: http://health.nih.gov/topic/VitaminandMineralSupplements
- Get a Tetanus/Diphtheria booster every 10 years; tetanus/diphtheria/pertussis with each pregnancy
- Influenza vaccine yearly
- Pneumococcal and or varicella zoster vaccine if age appropriate
For more information, visit: http://www.cdc.gov/vaccines/schedules/downloads/adult/adult-schedule.pdf
Pelvic floor health
- Kegel exercises, visit: http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/kegel-exerices/WO00119
Cancer screening guidelines
- American Cancer Society recommendations, visit: http://www.cancer.org/healthy/findcancerearly/cancerscreeningguidelines/american-cancer-society-guidelines-for-the-early-detection-of-cancer
- Use seat belts, wear a bicycle helmet, avoid exposure to UV light, moderate alcohol consumption, limit stress, get a good night of sleep, practice safe sex
For more information, visit: http://womenshealth.gov/publications/our-publications/lifetime-good-health/lifetimegoodhealth-english.pdf
Signs that you may be having a stroke
- Sudden numbness or weakness of the face, arm or leg, especially on one side of the body
- Sudden confusion, trouble speaking or understanding
- Sudden trouble seeing or blurred vision in one or both eyes
- Sudden trouble walking, dizziness, loss of balance or coordination
- Sudden severe headache with no known cause
Symptoms of a heart attack
- Uncomfortable pressure, squeezing, fullness or pain in the center of your chest that lasts more than a few minutes, or goes away and comes back.
- Pain or discomfort in one or both arms, the back, neck, jaw or stomach.
- Shortness of breath, with or without chest discomfort.
- Other signs such as breaking out in a cold sweat, nausea or lightheadedness.
As with men, the most common heart attack symptom in women is chest pain or discomfort. But it’s important to note that women are more likely to experience the other common symptoms, particularly shortness of breath, nausea/vomiting and back or jaw pain.
What to do if you experience any of these signs or symptoms
- Do not wait to call for help. Dial 9-1-1, make sure to follow the operator’s instructions and get to a hospital right away.
- Do not drive yourself or have someone drive you to the hospital unless you have no other choice.
- Try to stay as calm as possible and take deep, slow breaths while you wait for the emergency responders.